Sperm testing can be one of those uncomfortable topics when trying to fall pregnant. However, up to 40% of infertility issues are due to the male and it’s an important test.
Causes of male infertility
Male infertility is usually a result of:
- Abnormal sperm appearance or movement
- Inadequate numbers of sperm
- Problems with ejaculation
How is sperm tested?
Masturbation is the most common method used for collecting your semen. If the sperm test is abnormal then your doctor may ask you to repeat it. Two normal results should be obtained to ensure male fertility is ‘normal’ due to the daily variation in semen analyses.
What does a sperm analysis reveal?
A semen analysis can provide information to see if a man contributes to a couple’s infertility. Remember how we started with the statement that 40% of infertility is due to the male? Your next question may be what does a sperm test measure?
- Volume 1.5 millilitres of semen is considered normal
- Sperm count a minimum of 15 million sperm per millilitre is considered in the normal range for sperm counts.
- Size and shape (Your doctor might refer to this as morphology). “Normal” sized and shaped sperm have the ability to reach and fertilise an egg. 4% is considered to be an adequate morphology.
- Movement (also called motility). Sperm movement and the number of active cells is measured. If 32% of sperm are considered to be moving in a forward direction then this is normal
If you’re having trouble falling pregnant, I will guide you through the diagnosis process, including sperm testing. To help you learn more about fertility, download my free eBook, 5 reasons you are not getting pregnant. You can also call us, to make an appointment.
Are you having some problems with your sperm? It might be time to consider sperm preservation.